The Warsaw Pact: Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance — Central Intelligence Agency

5 Sep

The Warsaw Pact: Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance

WarsawPact.jpgAfter Communist regimes in Eastern Europe collapsed twenty years ago and the Soviet Union disintegrated two years later, immense opportunities for archival research opened.

Even though serious obstacles to archival work have persisted in Russia (which houses the central repositories of the Soviet regime), the archives of nearly all of the former Warsaw Pact countries are now fully or at least largely open. As a result, scholars have been able to explore many aspects of the Warsaw Pact that could only be guessed at in the past, including questions of military planning, force preparations and operations, nuclear command arrangements, and civil-military issues.

View the declassified Warsaw Pact FOIA documents.

via The Warsaw Pact: Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance — Central Intelligence Agency.

 

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Wartime Statues: Instruments of Soviet Control

 

Wartime Statutes.jpgSoviet military planning for conflict in Europe after World War II from the outset harnessed East European military capabilities to Soviet military purposes and assumed operational subordination of East European military formations to higher-level Soviet commands.

A Polish command-staff exercise in 1950, for example, assumed subordination of a Polish Army (comprised of five divisions and other units) to a Soviet Maritime Front (tasked in the exercise with occupying Denmark).

Following founding of the Warsaw Treaty Organization (Warsaw Pact) in May 1955, a supreme Warsaw Pact military command was established in Moscow, but this institution existed largely on paper until the 1960’s.

View the declassified Wartime Statutes FOIA documents.

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