Chiropractic education – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

13 Jul

…the World Health Organization lists three potential educational paths involving full‐time chiropractic education across the globe. This includes: 1 – 4 years of pre-requisite training in basic sciences at university level followed by a 4 year full‐time Doctorate program; DC. A 5 year integrated bachelor degree; BSc (Chiro). A 2 – 3 year Masters program following the completion of a bachelor degree; MSc (Chiro).[2]

Regardless of the model of education utilized, prospective chiropractors without relevant prior health care education or experience, must spend no less than 4200 student/teacher contact hours (or the equivalent) in four years of full‐time education. This includes a minimum of 1000 hours of supervised clinical training.[2] Health professionals with advanced clinical degrees, such as medical doctors, can meet the educational and clinical requirements to practice as a chiropractor in 2200 hours, which is most commonly done in countries where the profession is in its infancy.[1]

In North America, chiropractors perform over 90% of all manipulative treatments[15] with the balance provided by osteopathic medicine and physical therapy. Manipulation under anesthesia or MUA is a specialized manipulative procedure that typically occurs in hospitals administered under general anesthesia.[16] Typically, it is performed on patients who have failed to respond to other forms of treatment.[17] There has been considerable debate on the safety of spinal manipulation, in particular with the cervical spine.[18] Although serious injuries and fatal consequences can occur and are likely to be under-reported,[19] these are generally considered to be rare when spinal manipulation is employed skillfully and appropriately.[2]

Safety

The safe application of spinal manipulation requires a thorough medical history, assessment, diagnosis and plan of management. Manipulative therapists, including chiropractors, must rule out contraindications to HVLA spinal manipulative techniques. Absolute contraindications refers to diagnoses and conditions that put the patient at risk to developing adverse events. For example, a diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis and other conditions that structurally destabilizes joints, is an absolute contraindication of SMT to the upper cervical spine. Relative contraindications, such as osteoporosis are conditions where increased risk is acceptable in some situations and where mobilization and soft-tissue techniques would be treatments of choice. Most contraindication apply only to the manipulation of the affected region.[20]

via Chiropractic education – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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